July 2013 news

DRC is second only to Somalia on Failed States Index 2013

Fund for Peace

Index compiled/researched by 'Fund for Peace' - An independent, 
non-partisan, non-profit research and educational organization that 
works to prevent violent conflict and promote sustainable security.

Though the index will show that some countries have moved down the 
index, this does not mean that conditions have got better; just that 
they have been replaced by countries with deteriorated conditions 
moving up the index.

Top ten worst countries in 2012: Somalia, DR Congo, Sudan, South 
Sudan, Chad, Yemen, Afghanistan, Haiti, Central African Republic, 

Somalia remains the worlds worst county for Human Rights for the 
sixth year running.

DR Congo, Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, retained the same ratings for the 
second year running

Failed state: A state having little or no governance, endemic 
corruption, profiteering by ruling elites, very poor Human Rights, 
the government cannot/will not protect the population from others or 
itself, massive internal conflict, forced internal/external 
displacement, institutionalised political exclusion of significant 
numbers of the population, progressive deterioration of welfare 
infrastructure (hospitals, clinics, doctors, nurses) not adequate to 
meet health, needs, progressive economic decline of the country as a 
whole as measured by per capita income, debt, severe child mortality 
rates, poverty levels.

The Failed States Index ranks 178 (1 being worst, 178 best - UK could 
only make 160) countries using 12 social, economic, and political 
indicators of pressure on the state, along with over 100 
sub-indicators. These include such issues as Uneven Development, 
State Legitimacy, Group Grievance, and Human Rights. Each indicator 
is rated on a scale of 1-10, based on the analysis of millions of 
publicly available documents, other quantitative data, and 
assessments by analysts. A high score indicates high pressure on the 
state, and therefore a higher risk of instability.

Weak and failing states pose a challenge to the international 
community. In today's world, with its highly globalized economy, 
information systems and interlaced security, pressures on one fragile 
state can have serious repercussions not only for that state and its 
people, but also for its neighbors and other states halfway across 
the globe.

States have erupted into mass violence stemming from internal 
conflict. Some of these crises are ethnic conflicts. Some are civil 
wars. Others take on the form of revolutions. Many result in complex 
humanitarian emergencies. Though the dynamics may differ in each 
case, all of these conflicts stem from social, economic, and 
political pressures that have not been managed by professional, 
legitimate, and representative state institutions.

Fault lines emerge between identity groups, defined by language, 
religion, race, ethnicity, nationality, class, caste, clan or area of 
origin. Tensions can deteriorate into conflict through a variety of 
circumstances, such as competition over resources, predatory or 
fractured leadership, corruption, or unresolved group grievances. The 
reasons for state weakness and failure are complex but not 
unpredictable. It is critically important that the international 
community understand and closely monitor the conditions that create 
weak and failed states-and be prepared to take the necessary actions 
to deal with the underlying issues or otherwise mitigate the negative 
effects of state failure.

Failed States Index 2013 Interactive Grid